MATERIALS FROM THE ARCHIVAL FONDS OF THE RUSSIAN STATE HISTORICAL ARCHIVE OF THE FAR EAST (RGIA DV) ON INTERDEPARTMENTAL INTERACTION OF THE BORDER SERVICES OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE EAST OF THE COUNTRY ON THE EVE OF WORLD WAR I

Print PDF

УДК 39.543(047)(091)

ZANDANOVA L.V., KARNOVICH S.A., Irkutsk, Russian Federation

MATERIALS FROM THE ARCHIVAL FONDS OF THE RUSSIAN STATE HISTORICAL ARCHIVE OF THE FAR EAST (RGIA DV) ON INTERDEPARTMENTAL INTERACTION OF THE BORDER SERVICES OF THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE IN THE EAST OF THE COUNTRY ON THE EVE OF WORLD WAR I

Abstract

The article studies issues of interdepartmental interaction between border and customs services of the Russian Empire in the east of the country on the eve of World War I (1909-1917). Customs officers and frontier guards came under supervision of the same minister of finance, although worked under different deputy ministers. Customs officers were under the authority of the customs fees department director, the head of the Special Corps of Border Guards was also one of the deputies of the Minister of Finance. In 1913-1914 in the Far East there was a network of customs outposts and posts in the Chita and Vladivostok customs districts. The Vladivostok district numbered 255 customs officers, the Chita district numbered 301. A number of customs surveyors had state horses. The main job of the surveyors was to ride in twos to the border and detain those who smuggled goods in the frontier zone. Frontier guards relied on frontier posts staffed by the 3rd (3 sotnias) and the 6th Transamur (1 sotnia) border regiments. Each regiment consisted of three sotnias, in 1913 each sotnia numbered up to 140 frontier guards under three officers. Total of nearly 600 frontier guards and 556 surveyors provided protection of 2 866 km of the Russian border with China from Chita to Vladivostok. The professed main objective of the frontier guards and the customs officers in 1913-1914 was prevention of smuggling. The authorities compensated for insufficient personnel of border services in the east of the Russian Empire by promoting interaction of customs and boundary posts: surveyors of the department of customs fees were to guard the frontier and implement passport and visa control, while frontier guards were to assist in detention of smugglers and in creation of human intelligence network in the border zone, which was to identify smuggling routes and pass messages on the results of operational work to customs officers.

Keywords

Archival Fonds of the Russian State Historical Archive of the Far East (RGIA DV), Customs, Ministry of Finance of Russia, customs offices, Far East, fight against smuggling, Vladivostok, Chita.

References

1. Malov A.A. Vishnjakov A.V. Pogranichniki v vooruzhennyh konfliktah na Dal'nem Vostoke (konec XIX — nachalo XX v.) [Frontier guards in armed conflicts in the Far East at the turn of 19th and 20th centuries]. Rossija i ATR [Russia and the ATR], 2006, no. 4, pp. 57-70.

2. Pisarenko V. V. Osobennosti ohrany granicy Rossijskoj imperii kazachestvom Zabajkal'ja i Dal'nego Vostoka vo vtoroj polovine XIX – nachale ХХ vv.) [Distinctive features of guarding borders of the Russian Empire by the Transbaikal and the Far East Cossacks in the second half of 19th - early 20th century]. Khabarovsk, 1999, pp. 85-90.

3. Plehanov A. M. Otdelni korpus pogranichnoy strazi: krat. ist. ocherk [Special Corps of Border Guards of Russia: A brief historical sketch]. Moscow, Granica publ., 1993, 282 p.

4. Juhov S. A. Vzaimodejstvie vedomstv v zashhite gosudarstvennoj granicy Rossijskoj imperii Avtoreferat dis. ... kand. ist. nauk: [Department interactions in protection of the national frontier of the Russian Empire. Cand. hist. sci. diss. abatract]. Moscow, 2001, 22 p.

Аbout authors

Zandanova Larisa Viktorovna, PhD in History, professor, head of the department of history and methodology of teaching of the Educational Institute of the Irkutsk State University, Russian Federation, Irkutsk, +7-950-668-379, +7-395-224-07-00 This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Karnovich Sergey Anatolyevich, graduate student of the department of history and methodology of teaching of the Educational Institute of the Irkutsk State University, Russian Federation, Irkutsk, +7-914-927-21-12, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

You can read completely article in the russian historic-archival magazine “The Herald of an Archivist”. Read more about terms of subscription here.

Полностью материал публикуется в российском историко-архивоведческом журнале ВЕСТНИК АРХИВИСТА. Ознакомьтесь с условиями подписки здесь.