Documents from the Russian State Historical Archive as a Source on History of the Crimean Tatars Migrations in the 19th — early 20th Century

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УДК 94(47)

Aliyev R. D.

Bakhchisaray Historic, Cultural and Archeological Museum and Reserve, Bakhchisaray, Russian Federation

Documents from the Russian State Historical Archive as a Source on History of the Crimean Tatars Migrations in the 19th — early 20th Century

Abstract

The article studies history of the Crimean Tatars migrations in the 19th — early 20th century based on documents from the Russian State Historical Archive. It strives to identify and introduce into scientific use documentary sources on the subject. The author has studied a considerable portion of documents on the history of the Crimea in the 18th — early 20th century, including materials on the history of local population migrations. The novelty of the work hinges on little-known facts concerning resettlement movement among the Crimean Tatars revealed by a large-scale analysis of documents from the Russian State Historical Archive. The earliest documents on the subject stored in the archive are from late 18th century. Analysis of archival materials allows to identify causes and consequences of Crimean Tatars mass emigration of from and remigration to Crimea. Specifically, the article provides data on mass migrations of 1860-1870s, and introduces cases of re-emigration in the second half of the 19th — early 20th century. The article addresses the virtually unstudied issue of ?migr?s and their descendants return to the Russian Empire in 1880-1884. The author focuses on documents from the personal provenance archival fonds containing accounts eyewitness of the events. As well as sources on the external migration history, the article reviews archival documents on resettlement of Crimean Tatars in the inner Russian provinces due to political causes. Analysis of documents from the Russian State Historical Archive demonstrates information value and uniqueness of this primary sources complex. Researching these archival materials and their introduction into scientific use is a desired and promising trend in studying the history of the Crimean Tatars migration in the 19th — early 20th century.

Keywords

Sources, Crimea, Crimean Tatars, emigration, archival materials, resettlement.

References

ZOLOTAR'OV, D. YU. Krims'kotatars'ka emіgratsіya ostann'oї tretini XIX – pochatku XX st.: іstorіografіchnii i dzhereloznavchii aspekti: dis. … kand. ist. nauk [Crimean Tatar emigration in the last third of the 19th – early 20th century: Historiographical and source studies aspects. Cand. hist. sci. diss. In Russ.]. Kiev, 2000, 258 p.

About author

Aliyev Reshat Dlyaverovich, deputy director, Museum of History and Culture of Crimean Tatars “Bakhchisaray Historical, Cultural and Archaeological Museum and Reserve”, Bakhchisaray, Russian Federation, +7-978-068-60-27, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Grant information

The article is a part of the Russian State Science Fund science project no. № 15-31-10145.

Submitted 26.08.2015, published:

ALIEV, R. D. Dokumenty Rossiiskogo gosudarstvennogo istoricheskogo arkhiva kak istochnik po istorii migratsii krymskikh tatar v XIX — nachale XX v. [Documents from the Russian State Historical Archive as a Source on History of the Crimean Tatars Migrations in the 19th — early 20th Century]. IN: Vestnik arhivista – Herald of an Archivist, 2017, no. 3, pp. 22-34.

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Полностью материал публикуется в российском историко-архивоведческом журнале ВЕСТНИК АРХИВИСТА. Ознакомьтесь с условиями подписки здесь.