Activities of the Khabarovsk Krai Internal Affairs Directorate in Ensuring Control over Chinese and Korean Emigrants and Citizens in the Russian-Chinese Cross-Border Region in 1959-1972

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УДК.94.7

Vladimir V. Sinichenko

East-Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Irkutsk, Russian Federation

Vyacheslav Zh. Dorohov

Far Eastern Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation

Activities of the Khabarovsk Krai Internal Affairs Directorate in Ensuring Control over Chinese and Korean Emigrants and Citizens in the Russian-Chinese Cross-Border Region in 1959-1972

Abstract

Throughout Soviet era the Far East was the Soviet bridgehead in the Asia-Pacific region. Major developments in ideological and military confrontation between China and the Soviet Union determined the Soviet authorities’ attitude towards Chinese and Koreans living and working in the Khabarovsk Krai. For example, first repressions of Asian workers in the Russian Far East began after the Japanese armed invasion into inland China in July 1937. The NKVD circular issued in August 1937 marked the start of displacement of the Chinese and Koreans from the Far East to Central Asia and the tightening of control over those left behind. Consequently, the size of Chinese and Korean diaspora in the Khabarovsk Krai declined sharply. The same happened at the turn of 1960-1970s – Sino-Soviet border conflict in the vicinity of Damansky Island was accompanied by a rapid shrinking of Chinese community in the region. Reduction of Chinese population, a major labour resource in the region, was made up by an increased number of the DPRK citizens involved in harvest cutting. Under these circumstances it was internal affairs directorates, not state security services that were involved in community policing and crime exposition among workers from adjacent states.

Keywords

Historical sources, archives, Soviet history, PRC, DPRK, Far East, Khabarovsk, Koreans, Chinese.

References

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Sinichenko Vladimir Viktorovich, PhD in History, professor, East-Siberian Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, head of the philosophy, psychology, social studies and humanities department, Irkutsk, Russian Federation, +7-964-733-49-29, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Dorohov Vyacheslav Zhorzhovich, PhD in History, associate professor, Far Eastern Law Institute of the Ministry of Internal Affairs of Russia, deputy head of the department of social and economic studies and humanities, Khabarovsk, Russian Federation, +7-924-207-64-38, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Submitted 09.04.2017, published:

SINICHENKO, V. V., DOROKHOV, V. ZH. Deyatel'nost' UVD Khabarovskogo kraya po obespecheniyu kontrolya za migrantami i grazhdanami kitaiskoi i koreiskoi natsional'nostei na sopredel'nykh s Kitaem territoriyakh v 1959-1972 gg. [Activities of the Khabarovsk Krai Internal Affairs Directorate in ensuring control over Chinese and Korean immigrants and citizens in the Russian-Chinese cross-border region in 1959-1972. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista – Herald of an Archivist, 2017, no. 3, pp. 183-198.

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