General Staff Officers on Lenin’s and Trotsky’s Military Service

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УДК 930

Aleksey Yu. Bezugolny

Scientific Research Institute of Military History of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the RF Armed Forces, Moscow, Russian Federation

General Staff Officers on Lenin’s and Trotsky’s Military Service

Abstract

This is a review of a new book of А.V. Ganin, well-known scholar in the history of the First World War and the Civil War in Russia. The review underscores the fundamental nature of his new study, fruit of the scientist's long-term work in Russian and foreign archives and libraries. It is based on his doctor's dissertation (2013). The key role of the old army officer corps in building new armed forces of Soviet Russia is well known and well studied. However, until recently, one of the most important aspects of this process remained virtually unknown, namely, the General Staff service, without which the organizational construction and operational management of the troops on fronts of the Civil War would not have been successful. The author proves that the Bolshevik leadership understood the value of this army institute immediately in the first months after the October Revolution, and employed all means to recruit General Staff officers, or more often General Staff Academy graduates to the Workers' and Peasants' Red Army, to its headquarters and field headquarters. There was a special register for this category of service personnel, and its deployment for any other task was rarely allowed. Gradually, General Staff officers occupied all the key posts in the Red Army and maintained their position throughout the Civil War. Although A.V. Ganin examines in detail the development of the young Red Army management, and place and role of the General Staff services within it, he also focuses on the tragic fate of this generation of General Staff officers, who had to fight in the opposing camps, but devoted themselves to construction of the armed forces, organized and conducted military operations for all warring parties (the Reds, but also on the Whites, and also national armies). Having amassed from all types of sources a dossier data bank on General Staff officers in the Red Army, the author paints an accurate prosopographical portrait of this important social stratum. The author analyzes all aspects of their professional and domestic life: official duties, working day schedule, rights, career achievements, motivations and moods, household arrangements; in short, he depicts the "everyday life," as promised in the book title.

Keywords

Academy of the General Staff, General Staff services, General Staff offices, Red Army, daily life.

References

GANIN, A.V. Genshtabisty antibol'shevistskikh armii v krasnom plenu. 1917–1922 gg. [General Staff officers of the anti-Bolshevik armies in Red captivity. 1917–1922. In Russ.]. IN: Voprosy istorii, 2013, no. 8, рр. 3–32.

GANIN, A.V. Genshtabisty ukrainskikh armii 1917–1920 godov v Sovetskoi Rossii i SSSR posle Grazhdanskoi voiny (1920–1945 gody) [General Staff officers of the Ukrainian armies of 1917–1920 in Soviet Russia and the USSR after the Civil War (1920-1945). In Russ.]. IN: Slavyanovedenie, 2013, no. 5, рр. 93–104.

GANIN, A.V. Zakat Nikolaevskoi voennoi akademii 1914–1922. [Decline of the HIM Nicholas General Staff Academy in 1914–1922. In Russ.]. – Moscow, Knizhnitsa publ., 2014, 768 р.

GANIN, A.V. Korpus ofitserov General'nogo shtaba v gody Grazhdanskoi voiny 1917–1922 gg.: Spravochnye materialy [Officers corps of the General Staff in the days the Civil War of 1917–1922: Reference materials. In Russ.]. Moscow, Russkii put' publ, 2009, 896 p.

GANIN A.V. Mikhail Antonovich Dorman: general i ego “delo” [Mikhail Antonovich Dorman: General and his "case". In Russ.]. IN: Novyi istoricheskii vestnik, 2012, no. 2 (32), рр. 84–100.

GANIN A.V. “Mozg armii” v period “Russkoi Smuty”: Stat'i i dokumenty ["Brains of the Army" during the "Russian Troubles": Articles and documents. In Russ.]. Moscow, Russkii put' publ., 2013, 880 р.

GANIN, A.V. Poslednie dni generala Selivacheva: Neizvestnye stranitsy Grazhdanskoi voiny na Yuge Rossii [Last days of General Selivachev: Unknown pages of the Civil War in the South of Russia. In Russ.]. Moscow, 2012, 320 p.

GANIN, A.V. Rol' specialistov General'nogo shtaba v pobede Krasnoi armii v Grazhdanskoi voine 1917–1922 gg. [Role of the General Staff specialists in the victory of the Red Army in the Civil War of 1917–1922. In Russ.]. IN: Voenno-istoricheskii zhurnal, 2013, no. 10, pp. 10–17.

GANIN, A.V. Shestoi pobeg generala Zaitseva [The sixth escape of General Zaitsev. In Russ.]. IN: Rodina, 2005, no. 3, pр. 28–32.

GANIN, A.V. B"lgarin"t zashchitil Rusiya. S"dbata na Jordan Pekhlivanov [Bulgarit was defended by Rusia. Sydbat on Yordan Pekhlovanov. In Bulgarian]. Sofia, 2014, 114 p.

Information about authors

Bezugolny Aleksey Yurievich, PhD in History, Research Institute of Military History of the Military Academy of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation, senior researcher, Moscow, Russian Federation, This e-mail address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it

Submitted 19.05.2017, published:

BEZUGOLNY, A. YU. Genshtabisty na voennoi sluzhbe u Lenina i Trotskogo [General Staff officers on Lenin’s and Trotsky’s military service. In Russ.]. IN: Vestnik arhivista – Herald of an Archivist, 2017, no. 3, pp. 301-311.

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